Mum and Dad came from Ulm in southern Germany. Ulm had been largely destroyed by bombs and there were ruins, a build up of rubble, and extremely limited opportunities for ordinary folk. Germany was split into four sectors after the war, the French, Americans, Russians and English. Mum’s words resound: “We were lucky we got the Americans and not the Russians. You have no idea, some of the stories that came through, some of the terrible stories that came through from the Russian sector over to us; terrible. You can’t imagine. The chaos, I can’t find the words.” With so much devastation around them, Mum and Dad decided to leave their home country and make a new start somewhere where they could work hard, get ahead and raise a family. In 1954 Dad applied for assisted passage as a farm hand Australia.